Since pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) was approved for advanced melanoma in September 2014, multiple PD-1 blockade agents have been explored in other malignancies. Emerging clinical data has demonstrated durable clinical activity and safety of PD-1/L1 blockade agents in diverse cancers including melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, urothelial cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, and head and neck cancer. Thus, PD-1/L1 blockade agents have led to a paradigm shift in cancer therapy. In this review, current indications of PD-1 blockade agents in advanced solid malignancies will be discussed.
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